Ravasi 2020

Ideotype definition to adapt legumes to climate change: A case study for field pea in Northern Italy

Riccardo A.Ravasi, Livia Paleari, Fosco M.Vesely, Ermes Movedi, William Thoelke, Roberto Confalonieri, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2020

One of the key strategies to alleviate negative impacts of climate change on crop production is the development of new cultivars better adapted to the conditions expected in the future. Despite the role of legumes as protein sources, medium- and long-term strategies currently debated mainly focus on agricultural policies and on improved management practices, whereas ideotyping studies using climate projections are scarcely reported. The objective of this study was to define pea ideotypes improved for yield and irrigation water productivity targeting current climate and four future projections centred on 2040, resulting from the combination of two General Circulation Models (HadGEM2 and GISS-ES) and two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5). The STICS model was used, with the default pea parameterization refined using data from two years of dedicated field experiments. Ideotypes were defined by combining STICS and the E-FAST sensitivity analysis method focusing on model parameters representing traits on which breeding programs are ongoing. Results showed that climate change is expected to decrease the productivity of current pea cultivars (up to -12.6%), and that increasing irrigation (to cope with the expected less favourable rainfall distribution) would not avoid yield losses. The proposed ideotypes, characterized by a shorter vegetative phase and by increased tolerance to high temperature, performed better than current varieties, providing higher yields (+4.5%) and reduced water consumption (-20%). For the first time, we demonstrated the suitability of STICS for ideotyping purposes and used a simulation model to define pea breeding strategies targeting future climate conditions.

Lien vers l'article : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108081

Date de modification : 23 août 2023 | Date de création : 25 août 2020 | Rédaction : Equipe Projet Stics